Domino is a small, rectangular block used in a variety of games. Depending on the type of game being played, dominoes are also called “cards,” or “men.” They are often played with a set of tiles. Most of the popular games are adaptations of a card game, with the aim being to get rid of the hand you are playing with while blocking your opponent.
Originally, each domino represented one of the 21 results from a pair of six-sided dice. They are marked on the side with an arrangement of pips or spots. Traditionally, dominoes are made of ivory, ebony, bone, or wood. They can also be made of plastic or rigid materials.
The first recorded use of the word domino is in the 1771 Dictionnaire de Trevoux. Other sources say that the name was derived from a woodcut on paper that was widely popular among the peasants of France. However, it was only during the mid-18th century that the domino game spread from Italy to France and to England.
During the late 1700s, dominoes appeared in English literature. By the 1860s, dominoes were introduced to the United States. In the most basic domino variant, players draw seven tiles from a stock of tiles. Then, the player plays a tile so that it lands on the edge of a table in front of them. They may play a tile that has the same number on both ends, referred to as “stitched up” ends.
Throughout the 18th century, dominoes were used for a number of different games. Initially, they were used to circumvent religious proscriptions against playing cards. Then, the game gained popularity in France and Germany. In England, dominoes were brought to the country by French prisoners of war.
In Europe, the domino is usually played with a dark hardwood, such as ebony or ivory. Alternatively, the domino is made from an oyster shell or mother of pearl. These types of dominoes are called “European” dominoes.
In the USA, dominoes are often played with the All Fives version. This game is played with a combination of multicolored tiles. After completing the cross, the game continues. The winner is the partner with the least number of spots on their dominoes.
The game is similar to the traditional Chinese domino game Tien Gow. In the popular Singapore version, players can lay out two double tiles on their opponents’ hands. After each double tile is placed, the player receives a bonus play. In the Concentration version, the total number of pip counts must be at least 12. In other domino variations, the player only plays a tile if the number on that side matches the number on the end of the chain.
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